Skill of Explanation

Skill of Explanation

Micro Teaching Skill of Explanation in Teaching

This Is One Of The Important Skills A Teacher Must Have. Skill Of Explanation Simply Means That How A Teacher Makes A Complex Topic Simpler So That The Students Can Grab That Topic Without Any Trouble. Every Teacher Uses This Skill In The Classroom.

What Is Explanation Skill?

The Skill Of Explanation Is Very Important For All The Subjects. Without The Use Of This Skill An Effective Presentation Is Not Possible.

There Is An Absolute Connection Between Statements Which Clarify The Exact Meaning Of The Topic, If A Single Word Of That Is Removed Then It Becomes Meaningless And Tough Too.

Teaching Is Not Just Transferring Knowledge To Others, And This Don't Estimate The Quality Of A Teacher But It Depends On How Much The Student Understand By His/her Teaching. For An Effective Teaching-Learning Process, A Teacher Must Have The Skill Of Explanation.

Basic Teaching Maxims Which Are Used During the Explanation

Teaching Maxims Are Fundamental Facts Observed And Result Out By The Teacher On The Basis Of His/her Own Experience. The Knowledge Of Different Maxims Helps The Teacher To Proceed Through A More Professional And In A Systematic Way. This Estimates The Real Meaning Of Teaching.

For Good Explanation, Teacher Try To Approach A Lot Of Tactics In Order To Make A Complex Topic Easy So That The Students Can Grab The Knowledge Properly. Some Of The Basic Teaching Maxims Which Are Used During The Explanation Can Contribute A Great Difference. These Teaching Maxims Helps A Teacher During Explanation Of A Difficult Topic.

The Different Maxims of Teaching Helps a Teacher While Explaining are:

1. Known To Unknown:

This Maxim Is Based On The Fact That The Student Knows Something And Have Some Previous Knowledge About The Topic Being Taught. Teacher Must Have The Feeling What Student Knows Previously.

The Teacher Tries To Interpret All New Concept Or New Knowledge In Terms Of The Previous. For Example, If The Teacher Wants To Teach How To Ride A Bike Then He / She Must Include The Term Cycling,

So While Teaching, Teacher Must Start With The Previous Knowledge And Should Link It With The New Knowledge.

2. Simple to Complex:

Simple Is Good And Easy To Obtain And Complex Is Tough To Grab, When Teacher Tries To Explain Something In Class-Room. He / She Must See The Simple One First Then Should Go Through The Complex One. In Doing So the Student Will Understand Clearly the Complex One Too.

Teaching Is Formal Where The Teacher Tries To Teach And The Students Try To Learn Things. In Doing So Students Shows More Interest In The Teaching-Learning Process. Once They Show Some Interest In The Class, Then It Is Very Easy To Give The Knowledge Of The Complex Concepts.

This Makes The Huge Difference In The Learning Rate Of The Students. By Learning Simple Things, They Feel Encouraged And They Also Gain Confidence.

This Is One Of The Maxim That Makes Students So Active And Joyful. If Complex Types Of Things Are Presented To The Learner First, Students Feel Some Burden On Them, They Become Upset, Feels Bored And Finds Himself In A Challenging Or Difficult Situation A Lot Which They Are Not Yet Ready Being Immature And Unripe.

Gradually More Difficult Items Of Learning May Be Presented To The Students. It Will Soften Teaching Being Done By The Teacher Or Guide And Make Learning Easy, Convenient, And Interesting For The Learners.

3. Concrete To Abstract:

Concrete Things Are Solid Things And They Can Be Touched With Five Senses. But Abstract Things Can Only Be Imagined. All Those Things Which We Can See And Touch Are Concrete Or Simply Means Which Is In Front Of Us While Abstract Things Are Untouched And We Can Only Feel Them.

So It Is Rather Difficult To Teach Children About Abstract Things Because The Students Are Likely To Forget Them Soon Or Can't Remember Properly.

On The Other Hand, Concrete Things, If We Teach The Students With The Help Of Concrete Objects, They Will Never Forget The Subject Matter And The Knowledge Will Be Stable Or Durable.

According To Froebel

“Our Lessons Ought To Start In The Concrete And End In The Abstract”. For Example When We Teach The Solar System, We First Visualize The Sun Through Our Senses And Gives The Concept Of Eight Planets, Galaxies, Meteorites Etc. Through This Process, The Learners Understand The Materials More Easily. Some Power Of Imagination Also Develops In Them. But If We Reverse The Situation, It Will Become Difficult For Learners To Understand Anything. Another Example, When We Teach Counting To The Students We Should First Take The Help Of Concrete Objects Like Beads, Stones Etc. And Then Proceed To Digits And Numbers"

4. Whole To Part:

In Teaching, The Teacher Should Try To Acquaint The Child With The Whole Thing First And Then The Different Parts Of It May Be Analyzed And Studied Intensively. This Principle Holds Good While Teaching A Thing To The Small Children Or Kids.

At The Early Stages, The Child Loves To Speak And Rote The Whole Content By Heart Or Full Sentences Because In Daily Life Situations, Full Sentences Are Used So The Child Should Be Given A Full Sentence.

Then He/She May Have Full Familiarity With The Different Words, Phrases Contained In That Sentence, Later He May Have The Knowledge Of Words. Then He Will Have The Knowledge Of Different Letters Constructing The Words.

Suppose Parts Of A Plant Is To Be Taught To The Students. They Should Be Acquainted With The Whole Plant First. Gradually They May Be Asked To Grasp The Parts Of It One By One, In The Case Of Average Students, They're First Attempt May Be On Whole Plant, Taking It As A Whole And Then To The Different Parts In The Plant. It Will Help The Teacher To Teach Better And The Learners To Learn Things Conveniently.

What Are The Components Of Explanation Skill?

6 Components Of Explanation Skill Are:

  1. Coordination In Statements
  2. Lack Of Irrelevant Statements
  3. Fluency In Language
  4. Connecting Links
  5. Clear Beginning Statements
  6. Use Of Proper Words

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Coordination In Statements:

The Statements Used By A Teacher While Explaining Should Be Coordinated Because The Explanation Becomes Meaningless Once The Coordination Is Lost Between Words And Sentences, And So The Students Are Misinterpreted.

Lack Of Irrelevant Statements:

All The Statements Should Be Related To One Another While Explaining, Because There Is No Use Of Irrelevant Statements In The Teaching As It Takes Much Time And Mislead The Students As Well.

Fluency In Language:

During The Teaching-Learning Process, The Teacher Should Have The Language Fluency, It Should Be Audible, Clear, And Sound With The Proper Pause In Teaching So That The Student Can Hear Properly.

Connecting Links:

Connecting Links Are Very Important While Explaining, Most Of The Teacher Uses Proper Examples, Idioms, Phrases, And Statements For The Effective Explanation.

Clear Beginning Statements:

It Is Very Important To Share The Idea About What To Teach In The Class And It Should Be Very Clear To The Students So That They Becomes Ready To Learn Something In The Class.

Use Of Proper Words:

Teacher Must Use Proper Words And Sentences In Order To Make No Mistake While Explaining, These Proper Words Leads A Good Explanation Which It Is Easy To Understand And More Convenient For The Students. There Should Not Be Any Unwanted Sentences While Teaching.

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