# Teaching Skills

## An Introduction to Teaching skills

During classroom teaching, a teacher should have fine teaching skills. Teaching skills are mainly techniques that are used by a teacher in the classroom so that he/she can command over the class. These are basically

**planned previously by the teacher**before going for teaching.

Skill can be mastered by

**practicing and understanding**the class whatever it is. As we know that teaching is a purposeful process in which teachers and students are very active or say they are living while the important element

**"curriculum"**is passive or say non-living. The curriculum leads to an interaction between student and teacher.

In the teaching process

**student, teacher and curriculum are important elements**; they are enough for the significant teaching-learning process.

## Definition of Teaching

According to Burton-"Teaching to the stimulation, guidance, and direction and encouragement of learning"

## Meaning of Teaching Skills

Teaching skill is the process in which a teacher plans everything orally, written, and by the use of blackboard. The way he/she teaches actually depends upon the teaching skill whatever is being used.

**The teacher**

- asks the question in the classroom,
- gives examples,
- gives demonstrations,
- do experiments,
- explains tough topics,
- stimulates students,
- gives questions to students,
- symbolize things, use gesture and posture with proper attitudes,
- gives reinforcement to students according to their responses,
- plays roles sometimes,
- sometimes he/she takes proper silence in the class which has great significance as well.

**All these activities are performed by a teacher in the classroom in a systematic and planned way. So the inclusion of all these activities in the set which actually improves the teaching is called Teaching skill.**

## Characteristics of Teaching Skills

- It can be developed individually.
- It is
**related to the unit plans**of teaching behaviorism. - It makes teaching meaningful and effective.
- It is helpful in obtaining teaching objectives (specific objectives).
**Makes the class active**and changes the behaviors of students.- It is very simple way to present the topic in the class, and the rate of learning is enhanced.
- It is related to the teaching processes and behaviors.

## Definition of Teaching Skills

"According to B.K.Passi:"Teaching Skill is aset of activities or behaviorsin order to facilitate the learning and learning outcomes".

"According to M.K.Passi:"Teaching skills arespecific instructionsthat are used by a teacher. It is in teaching related to different activities which are continuously used by the teacher in classroom interactions".

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## What are the teaching skills that a teacher should have during classroom teaching?

### List of Teaching Skills

####
**There are 14 Teaching Skill given by Stan Ford University which are as follows**

- Set Induction
- Fluency in Questioning
- Stimulate Variations
- Silence and Non-verbal Questions
- Reinforcement Pupil participation
- Probing Questions
- Higher-Order Questions
- Divergent Questions
- Illustrations and Use of Explanations
- Lecturing
- Planned Repetition
- Completeness of Communicate
- Recognizing Behaviour
- Closure

####
**B.k.Passi in 1975 listed 13 Teaching Skills which are as following**

- Writing Instructional objectives
- Introduction of Lesson Plan
- Fluency of Questions
- Probing Questions
- Explaining
- Illustrating
- Stimulus-variation
- Silence and Non-verbal Cues
- Reinforcement
- Increasing students Participation
- Use of Black-board
- Achieving Closure
- Attending Behaviour of students

The above teaching skills are very important for a teacher while going to teach. The best part about these skills is they are all

**pre-planned**and arranged well so that the classroom teaching becomes meaningful.

These are techniques that help a teacher to activate students in the classroom. They are important in creating a classroom environment; the use of them makes a joyful class and effective teaching.

## Importance of Teaching skill

**While talking about teaching skills, it is necessary to discuss its importance.**

- Teaching skills are the
**main factors**of a teacher, it defines the teacher's activity in class. - They make an understanding of
**what to teach and how to teach**. - These skills are helpful in
**creating an effective environment**so that students can grab knowledge. - Without teaching skills, the teaching will be monotonous and students will not take part in the teaching-learning process, if they don't feel good during class then it’s meaningless to teach them.
- nowadays activity-based teaching is being done because students are everything in the classroom; everything is for students so they must be active at the time of teaching.

Most of the time students don't focus in class, in such a case teachers must involve him in all activities and make them participate.

The response of students plays a very crucial role in classroom teaching; by the help of student's responses, a teacher decides the outcomes of the teaching.

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