Lesson Plan

Lesson Plan

Lesson Plan

An Introduction to What is Lesson Planning?

Planning is necessary for every aspect of life, otherwise, any work done without planning prove to be a wastage of money, time and power. Without Planning, teaching can never be successful. Even an efficient and experienced teacher who goes to a class without planning will not be successful and will waste most of the time in useless talk.


Concept of Lesson Plan

The Term "Lesson Plan" is conveyed in a different way by different people. Generally, for a teacher, it is a work to be covered in a class period which runs for 40 to 50 minutes. 

Others define a "Lesson Plan" as a "Blue Print" a Plan or Guide for action in the near future, a guide map, a comprehensive chart for classroom teaching, a systematic, elastic approach for the development of concepts, skills, and understanding.


Meaning of Lesson Plan ( What is Lesson Plan ?)

A lesson plan is the instructor's road map of what students need to learn and how it will be done effectively during class time. We can say that a lesson plan is a teacher's own guide to control the teaching-learning process under the conditions he finds himself in.


Concept of Lesson Plan, Meaning of Lesson Plan ( What is Lesson Plan ?), Definition of Lesson Plan, How to Plan a Lesson?, Components of a Lesson Plan, Importance of Lesson Plan, Functions and Purpose of  Lesson Planning, What are the main principles, characteristics, and pre-requisites of Lesson Planning?, Characteristics of a Good or Ideal Lesson Plan, Basic Principles of Lesson Planning, Steps of Lesson Plan, Here are the Herbart 5 Steps on How to write a lesson Plan, Merits or Advantages of Herbartian Steps of Lesson Plan, Demerits or Disadvantages of Herbartian Five steps of teaching, Decisions Involved in Planning Lessons, How to Present Lesson Plan?, How to Write a Lesson Plan, 8 Steps of writing and making a lesson plan, Five Pillars of Effective lesson Planning, Types of Lesson Plan, Lesson Plan Videos, Lesson Plan PPT, Lesson Plan Format, Lesson Plan Template, Lesson Plan Examples ( Lesson PlanBook),

Definition of Lesson Plan

Some famous definitions of Lesson Plan are:

A Lesson Plan in the words of Lester B. Sands is actually a plan of action. It includes:
  • The working philosophy of the teacher.
  • His knowledge of philosophy.
  • His information about and understanding of his pupils.
  • His comprehension of the objectives of education.
  • His knowledge of the material to be taught and 
  • His ability to utilize effective methods.
View of Binning and Binning: " Daily Lesson Planning involves defining the objectives, selecting and arranging subject matter and determining the methods or procedure".

According to Bossing, " Lesson Plan is the title given to a statement of the achievements to be realized and the specialized means by which these are to be attained as a result of the activities engaged during the period"

According to Joseph Landon, " We may define notes of a lesson as a draft of the lesson put upon paper with all important points whether of matter or method, clearly marked."

--> From the Above Lesson Plan Meaning and Definition, it is clear that Lesson Planning is a vital component of the teaching-learning process. Proper classroom planning will keep teachers organized and on track while teaching, thus allowing them to teach more, help students and reach objectives more easily and manage less. 

The better prepared the teacher is, the more likely she/he will be able to handle whatever unexpectedly happens in the lesson.

How to Plan a Lesson?

Before you plan your lesson, you will first need to identify the learning objectives for the class meeting. 

Then you can design appropriate learning activities and develop strategies to obtain feedback on student learning. 

A successful lesson plan addresses and integrates these 3 Components.

Components of a Lesson Plan

  1. Objectives for student learning
  2. Teaching Learning Activities
  3. Strategies to check student's understanding
meaning and definition of lesson plan, lesson plan concept and introduction




Importance of Lesson Plan

Here we will discuss what is the importance, need, Advantages and usefulness of Lesson planning and Why it is beneficial for the teachers?
  1. Systematic Development of the Lesson
  2. Self Confidence Development
  3. The realization of the objectives of education is possible
  4. Determination of teachers and student's activity
  5. Guides the teacher
  6. Preparation for acquiring relevant audio-visual aids
  7. Correlation
  8. Proper Time and Energy utilization
  9. Evaluation is possible
  10. Individual difficulties can be solved
  11. Selection of teaching methods
  12. Meeting definite aims and achievements of goal
  13. Efficiency
  14. Evaluation of the work done
  15. Confidence of the teacher in himself

1. Systematic Development of the Lesson: Because the teacher pre-plans the lesson, that is why the lesson develops in a systematic way and time is not wasted on unnecessary conversations.

2. Self Confidence Development: While preparing the lesson plan, the teacher acquires clear knowledge about the teaching aids. He predetermines those activities which will make the lesson clear to the students. If he teaches the class with full confidence, there is life in the class. Students become active and good teaching results are produced.

3. The realization of the objectives of education is possible: In Lesson Plan, the aims of the lesson to be taught are decided, and to achieve these aims, the curriculum and teaching methods are also fixed. 

4. Determination of teachers' and student's activity: While preparing the lesson plan, the teacher also determines which activities are to be performed by him and which are by the pupils.

5. Guides the teacher: Lesson Plan correctly leads the teacher who sets his limits while teaching a lesson.

6. Preparation for acquiring relevant audio-visual aids: While making a lesson plan, the teacher will also think about the various teaching aids he has to use while teaching and which point has to be taught with which logic, and then he will collect all the related teaching material.


7. Correlation: As through Lesson Plan the syllabus is completed in a planned manner, therefore there will be a relation among different reader and there will be continuity in the syllabus.


8. Proper Time and Energy utilization: Lesson Plan helps in proper utilization of time and energy. While teaching, the teacher moves ahead in a logical manner.


9.  Evaluation is possible: Lesson Plan also makes the evaluation possible for teachers. After Evaluation the teacher can improve upon his teaching material.


10 Individual difficulties can be solved: By preparing the Lesson Plan, the teacher can prepare the entire lesson. He has a clear picture of the lesson in his mind. That is how he can clear all the doubts of the students.


11. Selection of teaching methods: After determining the aim of teaching, the teacher needs to select the correct methods. Various old and new teaching methods are prevalent like - Texts Book Methods, Lecture Method, Discussion Method, Problem Method, Project Method, etc. While teaching, methods will be used for teaching a particular lesson, it should be pre-determined. While determining it, the teacher should also know the working process of the selected methods.


12. Meeting definite aims and achievements of goal: While preparing a lesson plan, the teacher keeps in mind the general aims and specific aims in mind.

13. Efficiency: While preparing the lesson plan, the abilities, interests, habits, capabilities and mental behavior of the students are kept in mind. Accordingly, the teacher arranges for helping aids and means. That is how students take interest in studies and their work becomes efficient.


14. Evaluation of the work done: The teacher knows which questions he has to ask for covering the different aspects of the lesson. These questions help him to know for he has been successful in this teaching and where he has faulted. In the future, he tries to improve with the help of his faults.


15. Confidence of the teacher in himself: The teacher knows in advance what and how he has to teach, which aids have to be used and what activities have to be performed by the students. In this way, he is freely prepared for his work and thus he builds up confidence in himself.


>> From the above discussion, it is clear that lesson planning has an important role in teaching work. Even experienced teachers make a lesson plan in one form or another. They may not make it descriptive but they surely make a short lesson plan.


Functions and Purpose of  Lesson Planning

  1. Lesson Planning gives the teacher greater assurance and greater freedom in teaching. The teacher who has planned his lesson wisely ensures the classroom without any worry.
  2. It stimulates the teacher to introduce pivotal questions and illustrations.
  3. It enables the teacher to know the most desirable type of teaching procedures and to prepare tests of progress and checks for judging the outcomes of instructions.
  4. Since lesson Planning establishes proper connections between different lessons or units of study, it provides and encourages continuity teaching process.
  5. It provides adequate lesson summaries, ensures a definite assignment for class and availability of materials for lessons when needed.
  6. Lesson Planning prevents waste because it helps the teacher to be systematic and orderly, It saves him from hazard teaching.

Some other important functions and importance of Lesson Planning are:

  1. It provides a coherent framework for smooth efficient teaching.
  2. It helps the teacher to be more organized.
  3. Lesson Plan gives a sense of direction in relation to the syllabus.
  4. It provides a useful basis for future planning.
  5. It helps the teacher to plan lessons that cater to different students.
  6. It helps the teacher to be more confident when delivering the lesson.



What are the main principles, characteristics, and pre-requisites of Lesson Planning?

We have observed meaning, definition, need, and importance of Lesson Planning. Remember that all these advantages of lesson plans will be possible if these are appropriate and ideal. There are many advantages to making a lesson plan. But they can be gained only if the lesson plan has been made clear. 

Characteristics of a Good or Ideal Lesson Plan

9 Most Important Characteristics of Lesson Plan are:
  1. Based on Previous Knowledge
  2. Objective-Based
  3. Use of Illustrations
  4. Home Work
  5. Teaching from memory level to reflective level
  6. Good knowledge of the subject matter
  7. Utilization of more than one method
  8. Individual help to the students
  9. Time

1. Based on Previous Knowledge: An ideal lesson plan should be based on the previous knowledge of the students. This will avoid any difficulty in acquiring new knowledge by the students.

2. Objective-Based: The Lesson plan must be based on one or the other objective. While writing this, objectives should be written and defined clearly because its main objective is to achieve some goals or objectives.


3. Use of Illustrations: In an ideal lesson plan, such examples should be used which have relevance with the daily life of the students. This depends upon the comprehensive knowledge and experience of the teacher.


4. Home Work: There should be a provision of homework in an ideal lesson plan. This will enable the students to learn the application of the acquired knowledge.


5. Teaching from memory level to reflective level: In a good lesson plan development,  thought-provoking questions should be asked.


6. Good knowledge of subject matter:  The teacher should have good knowledge of subject matter for the lesson plan which has to be prepared.


7. Utilization of more than one method: A good lesson plan utilizes more than one methods and the teacher remains active in the midst of the whole lesson.


8. Individual help to the students: In the lesson plan, there should be provision for the individual's helps to the students.


9. Time: It should also be clear in the lesson plan for how much time the lesson will be completed.


Basic Principles of Lesson Planning

6 Important Principles of Lesson Plan are:
  1. Principle of writing the lesson plan
  2. Principle of Flexibility
  3. Principle of Selected bibliography
  4. Principle of Evaluation exercises
  5. Principle of assignment
  6. Principle of making a summary

1. Principle of writing the lesson plan: A good lesson plan should be written. It should not remain at the oral or mental stage.


2. Principle of Flexibility: Lesson Plan should indicate a child's activity and participation which is to be made in the classroom. Pupils should be encouraged to asked questions, solve problems and perform experiments.


3. Principle of Selected bibliography: Lesson Plan should indicate the selected bibliography i.e. reference books.


4. Principle of Evaluation exercises: Lesson Planning should indicate evaluation exercise. These exercises may be in the form of recapitulatory questions and problems relating to the application of knowledge.


5. Principle of assignment: Lesson Plan should include assignments for pupils.


6. Principle of making a summary: The lesson plan should have an outline or summary of the whole lesson. This summary may be developed on the blackboard with the help of students.





Steps of Lesson Plan

Here are the Herbart 5 Steps on How to write a lesson Plan

Professor Herbart has advocated a theory-based 5 steps for preparing a lesson plan, which is as under
  1. Preparation and Statement of Aims
  2. Statement of Aims
  3. Presentation
  4. Comparison and association
  5. Generalization
  6. Application and Recapitulation

How do you write a lesson plan?, What are the steps of lesson plan?, What is a 5 step lesson plan?

Now we will discuss all the steps of Lesson planning in details:


1.

A. Preparation:


It is the first step in making a lesson plan. It is also known as previous knowledge testing ( PK Testing) or Introduction. In this process, the students are asked to assess their previous knowledge. This is done to know how much knowledge the students already have. The teacher asks the student a few questions related to the lesson. It totally depends on the lesson, how many questions should be asked. In some lessons, only 2 or 3 questions are asked whereas in other lessons many questions need to be asked. Therefore, at this stage, the aim is to know about the previous knowledge of the students and to motivate them to acquire new knowledge.


B. Statement of Aim:


After asking questions, the teacher declares the aim of the lesson. Here the subject matter becomes clear to the students and the teacher writes the same on the blackboard.


2. Presentation:


At this stage of Lesson Planning, the lesson is developed with the help of students. Here the teacher presents the new subject or topic in front of the students. The teacher tries to coax out knowledge from the students by asking them questions.


Some of the few things which should be given attention during Presentations are:

  • Lesson To be divided into units.
  • The page should be divided into 3 columns. There should be provision for subject matter on the left side, the method in the center and blackboard writing on the right side. Lesson Plan can also be divided into 2 columns - a Subject matter on the left side and methods on the right side. Blackboard or chalkboard writing can be written at the end of the lesson.
  • The teaching materials which are to be used during the development of the lesson plan should also be mentioned in the introduction.

3. Comparison and Association: At this step of the lesson planning, the facts, incidents and comparative methods used are correlated so that the subject or topic taught to the students is absolutely clear to them.


Comparative study and correlation will increase the knowledge of the students. The teacher should relate the subject to other subjects. This will help in increasing the knowledge and thinking of the power of the students.


4. Generalization: At this step, after understanding the entire lesson, the students are given the opportunity to think so that rules and principles are built up.


5. Application and Recapitulation: This is the last step of lesson planning. In this stage, it is seen whether acquired knowledge can be used or not. As compared to subjects like Mathematics, it is not much used in Social Studies.


Recapitulation is the last stage of the Lesson Plan in which the teacher asks questions related to the topic. He does so to find out whatever he has taught to the students and whether they have understood it well or not.


Merits or Advantages of Herbartian Steps of Lesson Plan

  1. It is a psychological method
  2. Correlation
  3. Organized teaching
  4. Use of Inductive and Deductive method of teaching

1. It is a psychological method: Herbart's lesson plan is based on the principle of psychology, because according to it whenever any new thought is presented which is related to those thoughts which are lying in the teacher's unconscious mind then those unconscious thoughts come back to his conscious mind. This way of accepting thoughts is the psychological mental process and is called as an association of memory or stream of consciousness.


2. Correlation: In Herbert's steps of teaching, questions are asked for recapitulation. While answering these questions, the students learn to utilize their acquired knowledge as per the circumstances.


3. Organized teaching: In the Herbartian process of the lesson plan, every stage is set in a logical sequence and the teaching process is carried on in an orderly manner.


4. Use of Inductive and Deductive method of teaching: The new knowledge is presented with the help of various examples and all the students are asked to set rules and theories which come under the Inductive method of teaching. Then those rules and theories are used which is form deductive method. In these types of lesson Plan, both deductive and inductive methods are used.



Demerits or Disadvantages of Herbartian Five steps of teaching:

Herbartian type of Lesson Plan has the following defects:
  1. Lack of originality on the part of the teacher
  2. Useful in knowledge lesson only
  3. No place for individual differences
  4. Correlation Difficulty
  5. Teacher-Centered

1. Lack of originality on the part of the teacher: In this type of teaching all the five steps to have a logical sequence by following which the teacher's independence is totally crushed. He cannot present his independent thoughts. His originality is totally crushed and the teaching process becomes mechanical.


2. Useful in knowledge lesson only: This type of lesson plan is useful only in knowledge lessons and not in appreciation and skill lessons.


3. No place for individual differences: In Herbaritan five-step teaching all the students are asked the same type of questions and the same type of activities are performed. So in this way, there is no place of individual differences.


4. Correlation Difficulty: These days, also instead of correlating the different subjects, teachers are teaching them separately. According to them, to bring unity in the mental life of the students, the correlation among different subjects is almost impossible.


5. Teacher-Centered: In Herbart Five-Step teaching, instead of students, the teacher remains more active. In this type of teaching the students do not get motivated for self-education or self-learning.


Decisions Involved in Planning Lessons:

Planning is imagining the lesson before it happens. This involves prediction, anticipation, sequencing, organizing and simplifying. When teachers plan a lesson, they have to make different types of decisions which are related to the following items:
  • The aims to be achieved
  • The content to be taught
  • The tasks to be presented
  • The resources needed
  • The group to be taught; 
  • Their background previous knowledge, age, interests, etc

How to Present Lesson Plan?

Letting the students know what they will be learning and doing in the classroom will help keep them more engaged and on track. A teacher can share his lesson plan by writing a brief agenda on the board or telling students explicitly what they will be learning and doing in class. A teacher can outline on the board or on a handout, the learning objectives for the class.

Providing a meaningful organization of the class time can help students not only remember better but also follow your presentation and understanding the rationale behind in-class activities. Having a clearly visible agenda will also help a teacher and students to stay on track.




How to Write a Lesson Plan

A teacher has to go through some phases or Steps of Lesson Plan. Here you will get the exact idea on how to write a Lesson Plan.

8 Steps of writing and making a lesson plan are


  • Step 1 Introduction
  • Step 2 Foundation
  • Step 3 Brain Activation
  • Step 4 Body of New Information
  • Step 5 Clarification
  • Step 6 Provide time for practice and review
  • Step 7 Independent Practice
  • Step 8 Closure

Step 1

Introduction

  • Provide time for practice and review
  • Setting a Purpose: Describe the overarching reason for the lesson.
  • Introducing the key concepts, topics, and main ideas: To Get students on the right track, This step may be a note on the board, a diagram, or a probing question of the day's lesson focus.
  • Make the learning relevant: The teacher should Explain how this lesson extends past learning and leads to future learning - that is, the significance of the concepts, skills, and focus of the lesson.


Step 2


Foundation


  1. Checking of previous knowledge: The teacher must Verify first what students already know about the topic.
  2. Clarify key points: The teacher should Double - check on learning from the past.
  3. Focus on specific standards, objectives, and goals: The teacher should Link the lesson to the standards, and let students know exactly what they will know and be able to do as a result of this lesson.
  4. Introduce Key vocabulary: See it; say it; read it; write it type words should be used by the teacher.


Step 3


Brain Activation


  1. Ask questions to clarify ideas and to add knowledge: The teacher should Engage students in the learning and build background with probing questions.
  2. Brainstorm main ideas: The teacher should Fill student's heads with ideas, concepts, possibilities; allow them to expand and clarify their thinking. 
  3. Clarify and correct misconceptions: The teacher must Engage students in activities that will inform you as to whether students are confused or have incorrect ideas, so corrections can be made before the misconceptions become worse.


Step 4


Body of New Information


A. Provide teacher input: Lecture, add key points and new information, read the text or articles, and solve problems. Present the body of the lesson. This may be a whole class lecture, a small-group activity with teacher supervision, or a partner activity with teacher supervision. The learning is active(not silent reading without specific goals or mindless completion of a worksheet.) 


Step 5 


Clarification


A. Check for understanding with simple problems, situations and questions: Have students practice with the information just taught. Guide the learning. 


Step 6


A. Provide time for practice and review: At this step of lesson planning, allow students time to practice under your supervision. The teacher and the students work together.


Step 7 


Independent Practice


A. Supervise Student's independent practice: Select additional strategies for small groups of students who still do not " get it". Other students may be to work independently, with the final goal being that all students can work on their own. This practice prepares students for successful homework, and it prepares them for future learning.


Step 8


Closure


A. Bring the lesson to closure: This is the last step of making a lesson plan. Here the teacher links the lesson phases and information together. Summarize the learning of the day, and discuss how it fits into the big vision for learning. Have students demonstrate what they know and can be by writing a brief note to hand in as they leave; the note may include questions, problems, or ideas on the learning. Alternatively, they may write in their journals or explain their understanding of a partner.


With the help of all these eight steps, a teacher will now be able to know how to write a good lesson plan.


Five Pillars of Effective lesson Planning

  1. Lesson Planning to be flexible
  2. Lesson Planning to be outcome-oriented
  3. Lesson Planning to be Realistic
  4. Lesson Planning should encourage peer learning
  5. Subject-specific Lesson Planning

1. Lesson Planning to be flexible: Rigidity on the part of the teachers to implement the plan strictly as per the structure laid down would probably hinder, rather than help. In the teaching-learning process, lesson Planning must not become the blueprint for the systematic instruction of the lesson. Precise preparation must allow flexible delivery. During actual classroom interaction, the instructor needs to make adaptations and to add artistry to each lesson plan and classroom delivery.

2. Lesson Planning to be outcome-oriented: At the end of the academic session ultimately only the outcomes determine the efficiency of a teacher and that is why it is important to select the method and structure which will help the learner accomplish the learning outcomes for the session. Each module or course of study will have a set of learning outcomes that provide a direct indicator of the level and depth of any program of learning.


3. Lesson Planning to be Realistic: The teachers must ensure whether the lesson planning formulated is appropriate for the group size of students to be taught, their past experience, disabilities and other special characteristics of the group. Within each group of students the skill levels will certainly vary; therefore; the lesson planning has to realistic so that goals that were set while formulating the lesson planning could be realized.


4. Lesson Planning should encourage peer learning: Students learn very effectively from each other. So, lesson planning should encourage peer learning. It should provide informal opportunities for the students to share the knowledge and skills acquired by them.


5. Subject-specific Lesson Planning: A good subject-specific lesson plan reflects the uniqueness of the content. A good lesson planning may well include a discussion of pedagogical content knowledge to employ when conducting the lesson. 


Types of Lesson Plan

9 types of Lesson Plans are:
  1. Five-Step Lesson Plan
  2. Five-E Lesson Plan
  3. Weekly Lesson Plan
  4. Unit Plan
  5. Inquiry-Based Lesson Plan
  6. Micro Lesson Plan
  7. Macro Lesson Plan
  8. Detailed Lesson Plan
  9. Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan

We can classify Lesson Plan in many types

1. Classification 1

  • Five-Step Lesson Plan
  • Five-E Lesson Plan
  • Weekly Lesson Plan
  • Unit Plan
  • Inquiry-Based Lesson Plan

2. Classification 2


3. Classification 3


Detailed Explanation of All these types and Kinds of Lesson Plans has been provided in the PPT Below which you can easily download



Click Here to Download This PDF

Lesson Plan Videos


Here are the selected YouTube Videos to Know and learn more about lesson planning.

Video 1



Video 2



Video 3




Video 4





Lesson Plan PPT and PDF

If you want to make notes on Lesson Plan then Here is the Lesson Plan PPT(Powerpoint Presentation) given below which you can easily download.

List of the Topics which are covered in PPT:
  • What is the lesson plan?
  • Gestalt theory- lesson plan
  • Definition
  • Purpose of the lesson plan
  • Principles
  • Characteristics of a good lesson plan
  • Prerequisites for making a good lesson plan
  • Steps in lesson planning
  • Types of the lesson plan
  • Forms of the lesson plan
  • Herbartian approach
  • Blooms or evaluation approach
  • (RCEM) regional college of education Mysore approach
  • Highly structured lesson plan format
  • Loosely structured lesson plan format
  • Guidelines for pupil teachers while doing teaching practice





Lesson Plan Format

Construction and making of Lesson Plan 

The Lesson plan is the smallest unit of a unit plan which contains similar elements arranged in much the same way to achieve the objectives as in the extended unit plan. The effectiveness of the unit plan is dependent on the efficacy of daily lesson plans. 


The lesson plan format consists of five parts. These are:

  1. Lesson Objectives
  2. A list of instructional materials
  3. Opening activities
  4. Developmental activities
  5. Closing activities

If these parts are systematically arranged, a format of the lesson plan can be developed covering the above points as given in Table:

Lesson Plan Format

Name of the teacher:
Subject:
Topic:
Date:

       1. Entry Behavior

       2. General Objectives of the Topic:

       3. Methods
         Media
         Approach

       4.  Introduction

       5.   Presentation
Teaching Points in sequence


Specific objectives in behavioral terms


Teacher’s activities


Students activities


Partial Evaluation


       
       6.     Recapitulation / Revision / Evaluation

   7.     Home Assignment

   8.     Blackboard work plan

format of a lesson plan, b.ed lesson plan format, lesson plan performa

Click Here to Download This Lesson Plan Format

Note: This is just a model Lesson Plan format for new teachers. The format of the lesson plan can be changed according to the needs and requirements. This is just to take the idea of How to write a lesson plan in a well-defined format.

You must have understood that the five major parts are systematically presented in eight steps. 

This Lesson Plan format is not rigid. The Lesson plan can be re-arranged according to the needed end objectives.

But before going to What is the format of a lesson plan, let us be clear about the significance of each component or parts of the lesson plan.


1. Statement of General and specific objectives


Give the ideas of the long term goals and observable end behavior of learners which have been discussed earlier.


2. Introduction or Opener


The opener in a lesson plan prepares learners for new learning. At the same time, it may help them recall what they can remember from previous experience. In most cases, it is a link between the present learning experience and the learning experience which occurred in the previous lesson. In such a situation the best way we have for opening the lesson is to ask a few questions like:... " What did we learn yesterday?" : "Who remembers what we learned yesterday?"


Better openers are those that generate learner's interest. For eliciting greater interest you can use some of the following procedure depending upon the relevance and time table:



  • Divide the class into "buzz" groups to interact for two or three minutes on what are the most important things to remember from their previous lesson.
  • Invite a group to perform dramatization to convey the previous learning. The other children participate by guessing or by watching and assessing the level of accuracy.
  • Give 3 to 5 short answer test items or quizzes or puzzles based on previous learning. The test or puzzle is discussed and corrected immediately n the class.
  • have a pair of volunteers play the roles of an interviewer and an interviewee interacting over the previous day's learning. If other members of the class disagree, they may reenact the interview.
  • Prompt a class discussion with a "what" of a question demanding a recall of the previous learning for reasonable responses for three to four minutes.


The Beginning of the lesson in most cases is concept-oriented. Often the success of a lesson depends on the quality of the opener or introduction.


3. Development Section or Presentation


Development section or presentation is the main part of implementing the teaching plan through teaching-learning alternatives, that is, teacher's activities and students' activities. The total content is sequenced into teaching points and each teaching point is presented by relevant teacher activities and student's activities. While doing so partial evaluation is also planned as shown in the format of the Lesson Plan. During that stage the teachers and the students may require to use instructional material like textbooks, reference books, the teacher collected set of pictures, photographs, newspaper clippings, graphs, charts, models, diagrams, sketches, replicas or real objects, films, film strips, videotapes, etc. 


The selection of material for lesson planning, a teacher intend to use should be governed by the following criteria:



  1. They should convey needed information in a clear-cut and direct manner.
  2. They should meet the learner's needs in terms of their level of skills, in general, retain and reading maps, diagrams, graphs, globes, charts, and tables; in viewing and listening to a specific purpose and in retaining what they read, view or hear.
  3. They should provide for reasonable reconstruction of the reality they present.

Therefore, during the presentation of the lesson plan, the usefulness of instructional material is determined not by whether it is read, heard or viewed by how purposefully it is used, what the teacher will do, instruct and provide facilities to engage the students in various activities to achieve the staged behavioral outcomes.

4. Closing Section or Recapitulation 


This section of the lesson plan mirrors the objectives listed in the objectives section 


For example, 

  • The students will answer the question.
  • They will infer ideas, concepts, values or generalizations.
  • They will establish a cause-effect relationship.
  • They may do all these procedures either through oral or written responses.
Ensuring that students have an opportunity to meet the stated objectives is not the only concern of the teacher. The teacher's main concern is that the children learn. Teachers need to monitor both their own effectiveness as teachers and the student's progress. The final part of the lesson plan format is labeled as "Evaluation". 

A teacher as a planner here respond to the following questions and get feedback on their own teaching:

  • How well did the children meet the objectives?
  • If all the children did not meet the objectives, Why Not? What can be done in subsequent lessons to ensure greater success? In what way can opening procures or developmental procedures or closing procedures be improved?
  • If all the children met the objective, was there any part o the lesson that could be improved to provide better transitions from one part of the lesson to the other"?
The teacher who wishes to monitor learning effectively will plan from day to day as a guide by learner's progress along a path of learning. This requires an extensive plan, which can be known as the unit plan.

For More Formats of Lesson Plan Click Here


List of All Lesson Plan Formats

( Format of all these lesson plans will be available soon )
  • Sample lesson plan format
  • Lesson plan format for CBSE teachers
  • Sample lesson plan format for adults
  • Lesson plan format for CBSE schools
  • Notes of lesson format for English
  • Lesson plan writing format
  • Sample activity plan format
  • Sample lesson plan format for elementary
  • Formal lesson plan format
  • Speech therapy lesson plan format
  • Lesson plan outline format
  • Guided reading lesson plan format
  • How to write a unit plan format
  • Different types of lesson plan formats
  • Concept formation lesson plan example
  • Reading lesson plan format
  • Media and information literacy lesson plan
  • Lesson exemplar format
  • Deductive lesson plan format
  • Sample lesson plan format in Hindi
  • B.Ed Lesson Plan Format
  • Micro Teaching Lesson Plan format




Lesson Plan Template

lesson plan template image free download for kindergarden, middle, elementary and high school teachers,free printable and editable lesson plan template for teachers in english



Click Here to Download This Lesson Plan Template
There are many templates of the lesson plan are available. Here we have given some lesson plan template for teachers that you can download for free. There are weekly, monthly, annually and daily lesson plan templates are provided, you can check all the lesson plan templates and select the one which suits you. All these templates are editable and printable.

Click Here to Download and Check All Free Lesson Plan Template

List of All Lesson Plan Templates

( These Lesson Plan Templates will be available soon)
  • Free lesson plan templates
  • Edtpa lesson plan template
  • Siop lesson plan template
  • 5e lesson plan template
  • Guided reading lesson plan template
  • 5 e lesson plan template
  • Sample lesson plan template
  • High school lesson plan template
  • Esl lesson plan template
  • Basic lesson plan template
  • Creative curriculum lesson plan template
  • Udl lesson plan template
  • Math lesson plan template
  • Pe lesson plan template
  • Ubd lesson plan template
  • Danielson lesson plan template
  • Asca lesson plan template
  • 5 e lesson plan template social studies
  • Marzano lesson plan template
  • Mini lesson plan template
  • Stem lesson plan template
  • Physical education lesson plan template
  • Science lesson plan template
  • Coe lesson plan template
  • Danielson framework lesson plan template
  • Ngss lesson plan template
  • Social skills lesson plan template
  • Teaching strategies lesson plan template
  • Lesson plan template example
  • 5 minute lesson plan template
  • Team lesson plan template
  • Micro Teaching Lesson Plan Template
  • B.Ed Lesson Plan Templates

Lesson Plan Examples ( Lesson PlanBook)

Still confused about How to Write a lesson plan . Here we have given some lesson Plan examples of all the subjects. There are thousands of lesson plan examples are given here for various subjects. These Lesson Plans are basically for teacher training programs like BEd, DELED, BTC, BSTC and NCERT, CBSE, and NIOS. But all the new, as well as old teachers, can still check these lesson plan examples. Here you will get all the micro, macro, real teaching lesson plans.  All the classes and grades 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, elementary, kindergarten, middle to high school lesson plan examples are available. Just click on the link.


sample weekly lesson plan example for toddlers
Click Here to Download This Lesson Plan Example



List of All Lesson Plan examples

(Lesson Plan Examples of All These Subjects Will be available Soon)
  • B.Ed Lesson Plan
  • D.El.Ed Lesson Plan
  • Micro Lesson Plan
  • BTC Lesson Plan
  • Lesson Plan for Maths
  • Lesson Plan for Science
  • Lesson Plan for English
  • Lesson Plan for Computer
  • Social Studies Lesson Plans
  • Lesson Plan Social Science
  • History Lesson Plan
  • Other Subjects
  • Pre School Lesson Plans
  • Kindergarten LessonPlans
  • Lesson Plan for Toddlers
  • ESL Lesson Plans
  • Lesson Plan for Primary School Teachers
  • 5 Minute Lesson Plan
  • 5e Lesson Plan
  • Art Lesson Plans
  • Madeline Hunter Lesson Plan
  • Nursery Lesson Plan
  • Middle School Lesson Plan
  • High School Lesson Plans
  • Pree K Lesson Plans
  • Music Lesson Plans
  • Lesson Plan for Elementary
  • EVS Lesson Plan
  • CCE Lesson Plan

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