Understanding the Self B.Ed Practical File, Assignment, And Project Notes Free Download PDF in English Language

Understanding the Self B.Ed Practical File, Assignment, And Project Notes Free Download PDF in English Language

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Self is the focus of our everyday behavior and all of us do have a set of perceptions and beliefs about ourselves. This kind of self-concept plays important role in motivating us and organizing our behaviors.

It starts evolving early in life. A sense of self-awareness grows among us when we grow. In fact, all of us engage in experiences that enhance our sense of self.

As Rogers said we want positive regard from others. In other words, we have a strong need of being loved and valued by other people.


If someone asks: who are you? We often describe that physical features, traits, goals, motives, etc.

The self-concept is a collection of diverse information. It constitutes a central aspect of psychological functioning.

However, its definition has been approached from many angles. Close scrutiny of these views indicates that the self is subject as well as to object.

The self as a subject includes the person’s experience of self as thinker, feeler, and actor. Thus, when I feel anger or think about the idea of freedom, it is “I” – the self as subject.

On the other hand, the self as the object is the other person’s view of the self or “me”. In recent years researchers have tried to understand the representations or mental models of self.


Self is experienced at different levels,

William James, who started serious study of Self talked about

  1. Material Self
  2. Social Self And
  3. Spiritual Self

More recently Neisser has talked about the ecological self.

Types of Self

  1. The Ecological Self
  2. The Inter-Personal Self
  3. The Extended Self
  4. Conceptual Self
The ecological self refers to the self in the embodied form that can be physically identified in time and space.

The inter-personal self involves the self which exists in social relations when we interact with others.

The extended self is the self that is in our memory. It is personal and private.

Finally, there is the conceptual self which is the idea of self that a person holds. All of us have acquired a set of ideas about what can be included within the category of self. This kind of conceptualization is nurtured in each culture in a given way. It is a comprehensive network of ideas about the self.


In the psychological studies of self, the researchers have explored many aspects of self. They show that the self is multi-faceted. As you will find in the following description our ideas about self, its evaluation, its presentation, and its monitoring vary among people and shape behavior in important ways.

In fact, the ideas held by the people about self-shape and organize our personal lives and allow participation in group life.

1. Self Esteem

It is the evaluative component of self concept. It basically deals with internalized social judgments and ideas about how worthwhile a personal quality is.

  • Self-esteem is an important factor in one’s psychological health.
  • People who feel good about themselves or have high self-esteem are found to be more active, motivated, persistent, and happy than people with low self-esteem.
  • It has been noted that unhappiness and despair are related to low self esteem.
  • Thus, our affective evaluation of ourselves, positive and negative both, have important consequences for the way we are going to conduct ourselves in the future.
  • Research has shown that low self-esteem is related to depression, and self-doubt.

2. Self Efficacy

Self-efficacy refers to our belief about what we are capable of achieving.

  • In other words, it refers to the perceived competencies of a person. They determine how we interact with our environment and other people.
  • High self-efficacy children solve problems more quickly than those who had low self efficacy beliefs.

According to Bandura self-efficacy beliefs have the power of four major influences as given below:

  1. Cognitive: It refers to the effect on thought patterns. Self-efficacy influences the evaluation of capability and preparation to make an attempt.
  2. Motivational: It influences how long we will keep trying.
  3. Affective: It deals with stress, anxiety, and feeling of control.
  4. Selection: It includes choosing challenging activities.

3. Self-Presentation

This deals with the behavioral expression of self.

We are often concerned with the images we present to others. The growing importance of the cosmetic and fashion industry clearly shows the degree to which we are preoccupied with our physical appearance.

We are often quite concerned with the impression that we convey in public.

The term self-presentation technically means the strategies people use to shape what others think of them.

If life is viewed as theatre, we act out certain lines as they are taken out from a script.

Researchers have tried to study the process through which we attempt to shape what others think about us.

The process of self-presentation can take many forms. It can be conscious or unconscious, accurate or misleading, and intended for the real audience or for ourselves. 

4. Self-Monitoring

Self monitoring means the extent to which external situations and the reactions of others help one to regulate behavior.

Thus, politicians, salespersons, and artists are high self-monitoring persons.

  • The people who are low self-monitors regulate their behaviors on the basis of internal factors such as beliefs, attitudes, and interests.
  • It has been found that high self-monitors pay attention to others and low self-monitors pay attention to themselves.
  • Also, the high self monitors select a companion on the basis of how well the others perform and low self-monitors choose a companion on the basis of liking.
  • People who are high on self-monitoring seem to have a repertoire of selves from which to draw. They are quite sensitive to the concerns of strategic self-presentation.

4. Self-Consciousness

If we examine our daily life we find ourselves busy with many activities. During these activities, we are often away from ourselves. We think very little about ourselves.

  • In other words, we are not always self-focused. However, certain events do compel us to turn to our own selves. Thus, when we glance into a mirror, talk to ourselves, stand before an audience or a camera or occupy an important position in a group we become self-aware.
  • When we become self-aware we start comparing our behavior with internal standards. Such a comparison reveals a negative discrepancy.
  • Under these conditions, our self esteem decreases. In order to deal with this situation, we may attempt to reduce self-discrepancy or withdraw from the state of self-awareness.

It has been found that some people have a tendency to introspect their inner thoughts and feelings (private self-consciousness) while others have a tendency to be aware of outer public image (public self-consciousness).

It is often taken for granted that we know ourselves very well. However, in reality, this is not true. Studies show that there are many aspects of our self-concept that are known to us and others also know about that. In other words, it is public. But there are three other possibilities as given below:

  1. There are attributes of self that are known to the person but unknown to others.
  2. There are attributes of self that are not known to the person but known to others.
  3. There are attributes of self that are neither known to the person nor known to others.

You can easily imagine situations where there is a discrepancy of any kind in terms of the attributes known to the person and known or not known to others. In order to live a healthy life, proper appreciation of one’s attributes is necessary. Also, it must be a realistic appraisal. It is on the basis of an impartial knowledge and understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of oneself that a proper course of action can be planned.

Self and Cognition

The effects of self-construal on cognition are found in a variety of ways. It has been found that people with independent self-construal emphasize their internal attributes as important features.

In contrast, the people with interdependent self-think more about relationships and contexts. Similarly, while explaining behaviors of other persons, people with interdependent self-recognize the significance of situational factors.

Research has shown that situational and context-dependent explanations are used more frequently by the Indian people as compared with Americans.

Self and Emotion

Some emotions emphasize inner attributes. For example, pride or feelings of superiority are often found when someone has accomplished something.

Similarly, frustration occurs when the personal goals or desires (internal attributes) are blocked. In these situations, the emotional experience tends to separate or disengage the self from one’s social relationships.

On the other hand, there are certain positive emotions like friendly feelings or feelings of gratitude and respect. Such emotions occur when one is in a close or congenial relationship with others. Experiencing such emotions promotes an interpersonal bond.

The same is true in the case of negative emotions such as feelings of indebtedness or guilt. They occur because of failure in maintaining relationships with others. This set of emotions reflects socially engaged emotions.

It has been found that persons with interdependent self-construal tend to experience socially engaged emotions more frequently than people with independent self.

Self and Motivation

It has generally been thought that the issue of motivation deals with internal processes pertaining to a person. The ideas of needs and motives deal with these processes. This view is very close to the independent self-construal. All of them refer to the motivation related to the person or “me”.

In the case of interdependent self, it is noted that behaviors are directed or guided by the expectations of significant others (e.g., parents, teachers, other family members), obligations, and duties toward others. In this context studies of achievement, motive provides a useful illustration.

Achievement motivation deals with the “desire to excel”. This desire is present in all cultures. However, it is conceptualized in different ways in different cultures.

In cultures where independent self is predominant, this need is personally based while in the cultures emphasizing interdependent self, this need is interpersonally and socially structured. In the Indian context where collectivism and interdependent self dominate social concern emerges to be an important aspect of thinking about achievement.


Before moving to the role of yoga in the well-being or fitness or the health of a person, we need to understand the meaning of the term ‘Yoga’.

What is yoga? (Concept and Origin)

The word ‘Yoga’ has originally been derived from the Sanskrit word ‘yuj’ which means ‘to unite’ or ‘to join’. The union of body, mind, and soul.

In Hatha yoga, the ultimate aim of yoga and yogic practices has been derived as ‘integration of personality at the highest level.

There are various misconceptions attached as far as yoga is concerned. For some, Yoga is mere performing asanas but it is much deeper than that.

It includes the practices of

  1. Yama
  2. Niyama
  3. Asana
  4. Pranayama
  5. Pratyahara
  6. Kriya and
  7. Meditation

It is a great tool to keep oneself

  • Physically fit,
  • Mentally sound,
  • Socially adjustable, and emotionally balanced
  • And it also prepares the ground for the spiritual development of an individual.

Yoga has been considered to have its roots in India thousands of years ago. The fossil remains of Indus Valley Civilisation indicate that yoga was prevalent in ancient India.

The systematic philosophical reference of yoga is found in Maharishi Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra.

Patanjali gave a frame to yoga and after that many yogis and researchers contributed and continuing to find out the ways towards its development.

  • Nowadays, Yoga which originated in India has spread all over the world.
  • The world has realized the benefits of yoga to a great extent.
  • Yoga is an invaluable gift of ancient Indian tradition.

Yoga education helps the students in self-discipline and self-control, leading to an immense amount of awareness, concentration, and a higher level of consciousness.

Aims and Objectives of Yoga Education

Briefly, the aims and objectives of Yoga Education are to enable the students to:

  • Have good fitness;
  • Practice mental health;
  • Possess emotional stability;
  • Integrate moral and spiritual values; and
  • Attain a higher level of consciousness for oneself and the surroundings.


Dhyana being the seventh limb in Patanjali Astanga Yoga has been defined as, “A continuous and unbroken flow of consciousness. In the state of Dhyana, consciousness becomes all-encompassing and thereby our basic need for knowledge is fulfilled. This state, signifying non-judgemental and non-reactive awareness, remains transcendental.

According to Bhagavad Gita, in such a yoga state, all miseries vanish and the yogic joy effuses forth the perfect psycho-physiologically balanced state.

Practice of Meditation

Guidelines for the Practice of Meditation:

  • The practice of asana and pranayama will help in developing the ability to sit in one comfortable position for a considerable period of time in meditation.
  • Select a peaceful, calm, and quiet place for the practice of meditation.
  • Allow your eyes to get closed gently so as to enter into an inner awareness of self.
  • A meditative practice invites many thoughts, memories, emotions, and ideas to the surface of the mind. Try and remain nonreactive to them.
  • As you continue with this process for some time, you may feel an abstract and non-specific awareness of the whole body. Now continue with the whole-body awareness. In case you are not been able to settle your thought process for further body awareness go back to the breathing awareness, try and continue the process.
  • In the beginning, it is generally difficult to observe the breath. If your mind wanders, do not feel guilty. Slowly but firmly bring your attention to your breath.

Benefits Of Meditation

  • Increases mental strength and focus
  • Improves immune system and energy level
  • Increases memory retention and recall
  • Improves breathing and heart rates
  • Better cognitive skills and creative thinking
  • Reduces blood pressure
  • Better decision making and problem-solving
  • More longevity
  • Better information processing
  • Lessens heart and brain problems
  • Help ignore distractions
  • Lessens premenstrual and menopause disorders 


 “Yogic lifestyle alone would endow us with equanimity amidst all types of dissonance in our life and would make all our endeavors creative and skillful” - Bhagavad Gita

All substances are made up of five mahabhutas. The body is also composed of five Mahabhutas

Five Mahabhutas presents in all substances

  1. Those derived from Akasha (Ether) are sound, auditory organ, lightness, subtleness, and distinction;
  2. Those derived from Vayu (Air) are touch, tactile organ, roughness, impulsion, shaping of dhatus and physical activities;
  3. Those derived from Agni (Fire) are vision, visual organ, light, digestion, and heat;
  4. Those derived from Jala (Water) are taste, gustatory organ, coldness, softness, unction, and moistening;
  5. Those derived from Prithvi (Earth) are smell, olfactory organ, heaviness, stability, and mass.

One needs to deal with all the elements in harmony so as to keep ourselves fit and survive successfully in this ever-changing outer world.

Every day we realize that things around us are changing. This world is moving at a faster rate than before. This is mostly due to the fact that science and technology are making tremendous progress in each and everything that surrounds us in the materialistic world.

Undoubtedly this change is knowingly or unknowingly disturbing the natural sphere around us. For a successful survival one needs to maintain the balance between the outer environment and the inner self.


Yoga is one of the six major darshanas, or philosophical and cosmological systems, of India. These systems are:

  1. Vaisheshika (Scientific Observation), Formulated By Kanada
  2. Nyaya (Logic), Formulated By Gotama
  3. Samkhya (Cosmology), Formulated By Kapila
  4. Yoga (Introspection), Formulated By Patanjali
  5. Mimamsa (Profound Intuition), Formulated By Jaimini
  6. Vedanta (The End Of The Vedas), Formulated By Badarayana

Of these six philosophies, the two most important philosophies for the yogi are Samkhya and Vedanta.

Samkhya provides knowledge of the components of the body mind and was a strong influence on Patanjali.

Vedanta gives us an understanding of the ultimate attainments possible through yoga practice. A good synthesis of all these philosophical systems can be found in the Bhagavad Gita, in which Krishna teaches Arjuna yoga and how to live his life from within the highest yogic vision.

  • So when we practice yoga techniques – the content of yoga – we need to remember that what we are learning is part of a bigger whole, that there is much more to life than we can see or experience with limited perception.
  • We need to remember the context in which yoga has developed and that yoga practiced in modern times is very different from the yoga practiced in times gone by. At the same time, we need to remember that the ultimate aim of all practices is higher awareness and a vision of Truth.


Yoga is not only meant for physical or mental exercises. As stated earlier, it is a philosophy – a way of living life.

According to Patanjali, the main cause of all our pain and sorrow is Avidya (Ignorance) – lack of awareness. This is the ignorance of awareness and the importance of living life in an ideal manner. 

Yoga which usually people consider for a spiritual purpose now has been accepted as a science of health. Practicing yoga does not imply prevention and treatment of diseases but leads one to achieve positive health. Yoga helps in positive health because:

  1. It can help in the prevention of diseases by strengthening the immune system of our body;
  2. Yogic practices have curative value for various diseases as well;
  3. It is a medium to bring harmony between mind and body;
  4. Yogic exercises are helpful in the regulation of mental modification that helps in keeping a control on the hyperactive state of mind;
  5. It further helps in emotion regulation;
  6. It has been scientifically proven that yogic practices can effectively manage psychiatric and neurological disorders.;
  7. Yogic practices reduce anxiety, insecurity and improve overall mental health;
  8. Scientific facts are also available for the positive effect of yogic exercises (dhyana) on calmness, concentration, focus, and relaxation of mind;
  9. Shatkriyas/shatkarmas in yoga is an exercise of cleansing organs and systems of the body by removing the toxins that may have harmful
  10. Yogasanas are also  useful as a corrective measure  for   certain  postural deformities such as sclerosis, lordosis, stoop neck, knock knee, etc.; and
  11. Yogasanas also help to improve the flexibility of the muscles.

Ashtanga Yoga

Ashtanga Yoga was enunciated by Patanjali as a way to control the mental modifications but as a matter of fact, it is a way to healthy living also which leads to the holistic approach to health. The Ashtanga Yoga is actually a stepwise procedure leading to self-realization. The first two steps form the basic principles of yoga.

These steps are:

  1. Yama – Self Restrained
  • Ahimsa (Practice Of Non-Violence)
  • Satya (Practice Of Truthfulness)
  • Asteya (Practice Of Non-Stealing)
  • Brahmacharya (Practice Of Continence)
  • Aparigraha (Practice Of Non-Acquisitiveness)
  1. Niyama – Personal Code Of Conduct
  • Shaucha (Practice Of Cleanliness)
  • Santosha (Practice Of Contentment)
  • Swadhyaya (Practice Of Study Of Self)
  • Tapa (Practice Of Penance)
  • Ishwarapranidhana (Practice Of Surrender To Supreme Power)
  1. Asana
  2. Pranayama
  3. Pratyahara
  4. Dharana
  5. Dhyana
  6. Samadhi


As far as the Yogic approach is concerned, health is considered to be integration, harmony, and balance among body, mind, and soul.

Yogic philosophy says that a human body is made up of three parts:

  1. Physical
  2. Astral
  3. Causal

These three parts are further sub-classified into five layers also known as ‘Panch Koshas’. These are:

  1. Annamaya Kosha – The Physical Sheath
  2. Manomaya Kosha – The Mental Sheath
  3. Pranamaya Kosha – The Vital Sheath
  4. Vijnanamaya Kosha – The Intellectual Or Wisdom Sheath
  5. Anandamaya Kosha – The Blissful Sheath

In order to obtain the state of complete health, all three parts need to be free from any ailment. The causal body is taken as the innermost body of a person. It is the source of physical and astral bodies.

1. Annamaya Kosha:

  • The annamaya kosha (the food sheath) which is very first in classification is the part of the Physical body.
  • It says that our body is whatever food we eat. The food reaches every cell to provide energy and ultimately becomes our body.

2. Manomaya Kosha:

  • The second is manomaya kosha (the mental sheath) is exactly like the software of a computer whereas the annamaya kosha is the hardware.
  • It is the medium of communicating experiences and sensations of the external world to the intellectual sheath.

 3.  Pranamaya Kosha:

The annamaya kosha and manomaya kosha cannot work until they have life in the body which is provided by the third sheath known as pranamaya kosha (the energy or vital sheath).

The vital sheath is composed of five pranas (life-energies) that have distinct functions in the working of the physical body. These five vital pranas/airs (vayus) are conjoined with the five subtle organs of action (speech, hands, legs, organs of evacuation, and procreation) which have their gross counterparts in the physical body.

4. Vijnanamaya Kosha:

  • Then next is vijnanamaya kosha (the intellectual or wisdom sheath) is the reflection of the radiance of soul consciousness.
  • It comprises the mind, intellect, and the ego with the five organs of perception and is responsible for all judgmental actions.

5. Anandamaya Kosha:

The innermost layer or sheath of all the koshas is the anandamaya kosha which is the reflection of the blissfulness of the soul. It is the cause of both the subtle and gross bodies and is the result of harmony of all other sheaths.

As per the yogic perspective, a disease has been defined as the imbalance in the lower sheath that has been described above.

According to the Yoga Philosophy, the disturbance occurs in manomaya kosha (mental body) as a result of interaction in the world. This is called Adhi. This further leads to disturbance in pranamaya kosha (vital body) and ultimately ends up manifesting itself in annamaya kosha (physical body).


 Avidya (ignorance) is considered to be the root cause of all diseases. In fact, yogic philosophy says, this is the cause of all the problems in our life.

Avidya causes the disease firstly in the causal body and then it gives rise to the disease in the mind and the body. The disease of the mind is called adhi whereas, the disease of the body is called vyadhi.

Avidya causes psychic or mental diseases in the form of conflicts, frustrations, greed, egotism, and other impurities. This causes reactions at a physiological level which are manifested in the form of physical diseases.

  • The ashtanga yoga (Patanjali’s yoga sutra) represents the system of lifestyle that consists of eight limbs or steps which are successive in order.
  • The practice of this system right from the beginning of life keeps us healthy and disease-free. Indeed, the ashtang yoga is the method to achieve success in the control of mental modifications which when not controlled leads to an unhealthy life.


The lifestyle of a person is decided by the

  • Environment,
  • Surroundings,
  • Family,
  • Culture,
  • Eating Habits,
  • Education,
  • Financial Condition And
  • Day-To-Day Activities.

A person is considered to be healthy when he is completely satisfied, has growth potential, the joy of living, and developing harmony among all layers of life (annamaya kosha, pranamaya kosha, manomaya kosha, vijnanmaya kosha, and anandmaya kosha).

Healthy living means how one lives, works, enjoys, and spends his/her time more constructively, happily, and positively or deals with situations of life in a manner that does not interfere with normal functions of life.

The yogic principles of healthy living have been categorized as:

1.Ahara (Food)

It is related to one’s eating habits. In yogic practice, the ideal food is called ‘mitahara’ which refers to proper quality, proper quantity, and proper mental set-up.

According to Yogic scriptures, there are three types of foods that we eat, which are:

  1. Sattavic
  2. Rajasic
  3. Tamasic

2. Vihara (Recreation)

It refers to activities that are joyful, relaxing, and creative in nature.

  • These are the recreational activities one involves in their spare time.
  • This principle of healthy living gives immense importance to such activities.
  • These may include painting, dancing, pottery, drawing, singing, gardening, or playing.
  • The activity should be based on the interest of the individual. Then only a person can enjoy it fully.

3. Achara (Conduct)

  • These include the right habits, right attitude, and behavior with oneself and others.
  • The yogic lifestyle expects that a person would develop good habits and exercise self-discipline and self-control in his life.
  • It has been seen that most of the time external difficulties are caused by inappropriate action in life and can be fixed only with his good conduct.

4. Vichara (Thinking)

  • In this principle, emphasis is laid on the importance of thinking.
  • We have heard a lot about the value of positive thinking. As per yogic practices, our way of thinking is very important in achieving happiness in our lives.
  • Yogic exercises help in controlling the vrittis (modification of thoughts) of the mind and thereby giving positive direction to the negative thoughts.
  • The seventh limb of Ashtanga yoga which is Dhyana, when practiced, helps in the control of mental aspects of life. 

5.Vyavahara (Behaviour)

Vyayahara is considered as our conduct towards others. Yoga, in various texts, has prescribed how to behave with others.

In this context, Karma yoga (of the Bhagavad Gita) and Kriyayoga (of Maharishi Patanjali) are very relevant.

The Bhagavad Gita propounds those actions must be performed with a series of detachments and duties. Patanjali emphasizes tapa, swadhyaya, and ishwarpranidhana. There should be regularity and detachment while doing the things in day-to-day life.


What is Stress?

Stress is the demand of effort required for an activity or event. It is a kind of load put on or taken by an individual against certain events. The stress can be physical or mental.

  • It is called physical stress when physical activity is done.
  • And when mental activity is done, it is called mental stress.

However, stress is considered to be bad for our health. Indeed, if a certain task is to be carried out then its optimal level is required. Stress starts creating problems when it reaches out of the required limit and lasts for a long time.

Classification of Stress

Acharya Shri Ram Sharma has classified stress into three types:

1.Physical Stress

  • It refers to the muscular tension due to physical work.
  • Excessive workload keeps the muscles tense and lack of rest leads to injury to muscles such as strain.
  • Even, physical work beyond capacity may immediately harm our body.

2. Mental Stress

Excessive mental activity may lead to certain mental stress. These activities may include academic study, restless office work etc.

3.Emotional Stress

Disturbance in relationships with family members and in society causes inappropriate emotional reactions. A constant disturbance in the relationship creates a stressful environment which ultimately leads to various diseases such as

  • Diabetes,
  • Hypertension,
  • Thyroid Hyperactivity/ Hypoactivity Etc.

Stress Management Techniques

Some of the activities that are prescribed for stress management are as follows:

Shatkarma :

This yogic practice includes the procedure for purification of the body. There are six different techniques for body cleansing. These are:

  1. Neti: Nasal wash
  2. Dhauti: Cleaning of the digestive tract.
  3. Nauli: Intestinal cleansing Basti – cleaning of colon Kapalabhati - Skull polishing
  4. Trataka: Method of meditation that involves staring at a particular point.
  5. Asanas: ‘Sthir sukham asanma’ means the ability to sit in a position for an extended period with ease. There are various kinds of asanas. Some are performed seated, some standing, and even some lying. All the asanas are done with a purpose such as Bhujangasana is performed to remove back pain and strengthen the spine, Vajrasana is executed to improve the ability of the digestive system. Meditative exercises can only be performed when asanas have been practiced properly.
  6. Pranayama : Pranayama refers to control of breath. Prana means breath and Ayama means to restrain or Practising pranayama brings our mental activity under control and thereby master our body and mind complex in a complete way. For example, it is often suggested to count up to ten and take deep breaths in between whenever you feel angry. In a matter of moments, you feel calm and controlled and there will be a clear change in your mental state. There are various kinds of pranayama techniques. Some of these are:
    1. Deep yogic breathing
    2. Intercostal breathing
    3. Clavicular breathing
    4. Diaphragmatic breathing
    5. Shunyaka
    6. Puraka
    7. Kumbhaka
    8. Rechaka
    9. Anuloma-viloma

Yogic Dietary Consideration

In the first yogic principle of healthy living ‘Ahara’, it was described that the right mindset to prepare and eat food is of utmost importance. Our digestive system gets affected by our emotions. Therefore, emotions like fear, anger, stress, etc. have disturbing effects on the digestive system which ultimately decrease its efficiency to utilize the food eaten.

The Sattvic diet gives due importance to vegetarian food because of the principle of non-injury. It has also been proved that a low-protein, non-flesh diet provides more endurance.

Understanding the Self B.Ed Practical File in English Download PDF

List of The Topics Covered In Understanding the Self and Identity PDF File in English:

  1. Concept Of Self And Self Identity Or “Who Am I”
  2. Self Esteem (Meaning And Types)
    • High Self Esteem
    • Low Self Esteem
  3. Development Of The Inner Self
  4. Personality (Concept, Meaning And Definition)
  5. Determinants Of Distinctive Personality
  6. Communication Skills And Soft Skills
  7. Self And Identity
  8. Yoga For Peace And Harmony
  9. Meaning, Concept And Definition Of Yoga
  10. Breathing Exercises (Pranayama)
  11. How To Do Breathing Exercise?
  12. Meditation
    • Forms Of Meditation
    • Health Benefits Of Mediation
  13. Poem On Self



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Understanding The Self File

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Understanding the Self practical file in english for b.ed first and second year free download pdf, bed 1st,2nd,3rd,4th,5th,6th,7th,8th semester year bed practical file of Understanding the Self and identity in english medium language for all college and universities free download pdf,

Well, It Is Very Hard To Find Understanding the Self Practical File In English For B.Ed First and Second Year. Here We Have Provided the Free Practical File Of Understanding the Self and Identity Subject Especially for BEd Students That You Can Download Very Easily in PDF Format.

Not Only B Ed But It Will Be Helpful to Every Teacher and Student of Any Course. This PDF File Will Provide A Lot of Help in Making Your Understanding the Self Assignments and Projects On Time. The Download Link Is Provided Below the Post.

List of The Topics Covered in The Practical File

  • What is Self and Self Identity?
  • Self Esteem
  • Personality
  • Communication and Soft Skills
  • Self and Identity
  • Social interaction
  • Group Influence
  • Yoga for Peace and Harmony
  • Breathing Exercise
  • Mediation

Here you can download Understanding the Self PDF Practical Notebook File and Book in English for B.Ed all Semester and Year Students. The Link to download the PDF Notes of Understanding the Self is given at the end of the post.

understanding the self and identity b.ed pdf notes and files free download

List of the Topics which are covered in the PDF of Understanding the Self are:
  • The concept of Self and Self Identity, Self-Esteem, Aspects of Development of the Inner
  • Self, Self-Development Strategies
  • Personality: Determining a Distinctive Personality, Dynamic Approaches to Personality
  • Forms of self-expression: Personal constructs, Social Constructs
  • Communication Skills, Soft skills
  • Self and Identity: Adult-Child gaps
  • Locus of control
  • Stress Management and Techniques of Relaxation
  • Social Interaction and Group Influence (Social Bonds, Group Formation, Cooperation
  • & Competition)
  • Methods of Conflict Resolutions and Group & Social Harmony
  • Yoga for Peace and Harmony, Breathing exercises, Meditation.
Understanding the Self PDF

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