Reinforcement Skill And Its Components | Skill Of Reinforcement In Micro Teaching

Reinforcement Skill And Its Components | Skill Of Reinforcement In Micro Teaching

What Is Reinforcement Skill: Meaning And Components Of Skill Of Reinforcement And How To Use In Microteaching | Micro Teaching Skill of Reinforcement

Reinforcement Skill

The Skill Of Reinforcement Is One Of The Major Skills Of Microteaching Practiced In Teacher Training Institution. You Have To Know Properly How And When To Use This Skill While Teaching.

Also, Everyone Has To Make Their Micro-Teaching For The Skill Of Reinforcement For Each Subject.

What Is Skill Of Reinforcement?

The Skill Of Reinforcement Is A Skill On The Part Of The Teacher To Use Positive Reinforces So That The Students Participate To The Maximum.

While Practicing This Skill The Teacher Will Use More And More Positive Reinforces And Decrease The Use Of Negative Reinforces.

Positive And Negative Reinforcement

Positive Reinforcement

  • Positive Reinforcement Means Strengthening Desirable Behaviour. It Increases Student’s Participation In The Class.
  • Positive Reinforcers Are Those Behaviours Of The Teacher Which Encourage The Students To Participate More And More.
  • They Generate A Pleasing Effect On The Students That Is They Bring About Reinforcement (Positive) In Students’ Behaviour.

Negative Reinforcement

  • Negative Reinforcement Means The Weakling Of Undesirable Behaviour.
  • It Decreases Students’ Participation In The Class.
  • Negative Reinforces Are Those Behaviours Of The Teacher Which Discourage The Students To Participate.
  • They Have A Punishing Effect (Unpleasant) On The Student.

The Skill Of Reinforcement Involves The Use Of Positive Reinforces More And More And Decreases The Use Of Negative Reinforces So That The Students Participate To The Maximum.

Components Of Skill Of Reinforcement

Ten Components Of The Reinforcement Skill Are:

  1. Positive Verbal Reinforcement
  2. Extra Verbal Reinforcement
  3. Non-Verbal Cues
  4. Writing Students’ Answer On Blackboard
  5. Proximity Reinforcement
  6. Contact Reinforcement
  7. Token Reinforcement
  8. Negative Verbal Reinforcement
  9. Negative Non-Verbal Reinforcement
  10. No Reinforcement

Positive Verbal Reinforcement:

Here A Teacher Gives Positive Reinforcement Through Various Verbal (With Words) Expressions.

The Teacher Accepts The Feelings Of The Students By Saying,

  • ‘Well, I Understand’
  • ‘Well Done’
  • ‘Very Good
  • ‘Right’
  • ‘Yes’
  • ‘Correct’
  • ‘Fine’
  • ‘Excellent’
  • ‘Splendid’ Etc.

Sometimes Simply Say,

  • ‘I Like What You Say/Doing.’
  • ‘Continue’,
  • ‘Go Ahead With What You Are Saying’,
  • ‘Carry On, Etc.

Extra Verbal Cues:

Sometimes The Teacher Can Be Used Extra Verbal Cues Or Expressions Such As ‘Hm-Hm’, ‘Uh-Uh’, Etc.

Non-Verbal Cues:

Teacher Can Use Certain Nonverbal Cues Like

  • Nodding Of Head,
  • Smiling,
  • Moving Towards The Responding Student,
  • Keeping Eyes On The Students,
  • Giving Ear To The Student Indicating That Attention Is Being Paid To The Students’ Words Or
  • Any Other Nonverbal Action Indicating Pleasure At The Students’ Responses.

Writing Students’ Answer On The Blackboard:

Teacher Should Write The Answers On The Blackboard Which Is Responded By The Students. Teachers Should Write Only That Answer Which Is Specific One And Have Relevancy With The Content.

Proximity Reinforcement:

Proximity Reinforcement Refers To The Teacher’s Movement Towards The Responding Student. These Will Motivate The Student To Answer The Question.

Contact Reinforcement:

Teachers Should Motivate The Students By Giving Contact Reinforcement.

Token Reinforcement:

Token Reinforcement Involves Awarding Points Or Tokens For Appropriate Behaviour. These Rewards Have Little Value In Themselves But Can Be Exchanged For Something Of Value.

Negative Verbal Reinforcement:

Teacher Should Always Avoid

  • Painful,
  • Threatening Or
  • Punishing Verbal Expressions Towards Students.

This Type Of Reinforcement Affects Learning Negatively And Decreases The Motivation Of The Students.

Teacher Should Avoid Discouraging Expressions Such As

  • ‘ I Don’t Like What You Are Doing.’,
  • ‘Do Something Else’,
  • ‘Nonsense’,
  • ‘You Are Not Good’,
  • ‘No’,
  • ‘Wrong’,
  • ‘Incorrect’,
  • ‘Stop It’, ‘That’s Not’ Etc.

Negative Non-Verbal Reinforcement:

This Is Brought Out Using Such Behaviours As

  • Frowning,
  • Moving Away From The Responding Student,
  • Keeping Eye On The Student With Discouraging Looks,
  • Hard And Disapproving Stares,
  • Not Looking At The Responding Student,
  • Trapping Foot Impatiently And Walking Around Etc.

Teachers Should Be Conscious Of Such Behaviours And Avoid Them As Far As Possible If He/She Want To Use The Skill Of Reinforcement Effectively.

No Reinforcement:

No Reinforcement Means When Teacher Shows Neither A Positive Reinforcement Nor A Negative Reinforcement Towards Students Responds.

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Reinforcement Skill

Skill Of Reinforcement

Micro Teaching Skill Of Reinforcement

Meaning Of Reinforcement Skill

Reinforcement Skill Types

Components Of Skill Of Reinforcement

Use Of Reinforcement Skill

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